MIL-STD-31000A – Who? What? Where? Why? When?


The ultimate success of MIL-STD-31000A depends on the effort of designers in the trenches


We congratulate those that have worked for the past decade promoting the dream of having all the data describing a part packed in an electronic 3D file.  This concept has become known as Model Based Enterprise (MBE) and comes to the world as the foundation of MIL-STD-31000A.  As with many concepts introduced in recent years by the Defense Department and NASA, we expect this technology will revolutionize design in all industries such as machine tool, medical device, automotive, etc.

We have established this Web site as a forum where we and those who join us will attempt to answer questions posed by MIL-STD-31000A (2013) with regard to who, what, where, why, when?

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There were extensive delays in the release dates of MIL-STD-31000A (2013).  It is fair to say that the release on 26 February 2013 was without public fanfare.  There were no headlines in major newspapers, magazines or television.  In that this groundbreaking Standard is projected to eliminate over 20% of defense contract costs when fully implemented, it is unimaginable that it has gained so little publicity.  It is our hope that this Web site will shed light on the benefits of Model Based Enterprise which is expected to be the keystone for all Department of Defense design and to all those industries following its lead.

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Model Based Enterprise

The Department Of Defense brings an epoch change with MIL-STD-31000 that includes a paradigm shift to a Model Based Enterprise.  MBE is designed to eliminate 2D drawings to produce savings of over 25% throughout the DOD and to reduce supplier costs by 9%.  For example, an Army Engineering MBE file would eliminate the conventional hard-copy that historically included 2D drawings, RFQ’s, work instructions, and inspection documents with one electronic file.  There is also the promise of translating the 3D model from proprietary CAD files to a PDF file that would include all the various files in one electronic package.  It is well understood that PDF files are free to deploy and free to read by the public using common HTML5 browsers.

To learn more how 3D technology holds promise of huge savings in military purchasing check out an article by Timothy Rider published in the  Picatinny Voice at:

Here is a great Brief from Paul Huang of the Army Research Laboratory, see the following:

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Transcription of MIL-STD-31000A from Defense Dept.

MIL-STD-31000 provides requirements for the deliverable data products associated with a Technical Data Package (TDP) and its related TDP Data Management Products.  We view this 144 page document from our perspective as designers challenged to do the grunt work of 3D modeling and packing.  We are searching for the best tools to achieve the goals of this Standard and ask engineers throughout the world to participate in this forum and to join us in this effort.  As of this time the most complete description of the requirements of this Standard are found in the following PDF attached:

Unedited transcription of MIL-STD-31000A released by the Department of Defense 26 February 2013:

MIL-STD-31000A transcription -signed

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MBE – A Valuable Resource

The Model Based Enterprise Web site is a collaborative effort to provide an overview of what is going on in the area of using 3D models and Technical Data Packages as a single source model throughout the lifecycle of a product.  MBE collaborators that include: Office of the Secretary of Defense, Army Research Laboratory, BAE Systems U.S. Combat Systems, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Manufacturing Extension Partnership, and Army ManTech provide unique information related to defense supply chain management and model based enterprise resources. To view the MBE Web site simply copy and paste this address into your browser and hit enter:

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Great Information from ANARK CORPORATION 

The Anark Corporation of Denver, Colorado, has taken the lead in providing designers with tools to process the vast changes coming from MIL-STD-31000A.

ANARK’s Unleash the Model Based Enterprise Video:

Additional information can be found at the following address.  To view simply copy and paste this address into your browser and hit enter:

         Geometric Makes Equity Investment in Anark

About 3D MBE and MBEWeb:
3D MBE is a practice initially developed by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) in partnership with several of its key OEM suppliers that is now experiencing rapid adoption within both defense and commercial manufacturing organizations to enable:

  • Reuse of 3D Model Based Definition data (e.g. 3D Dimensions and Tolerances and other Product Manufacturing Information)
  • Elimination of costly and redundant 2D Drawings and 2D Technical Data Packages
  • Cost reduction of internal engineering activities by up to 30% as well as reduction of scrap and rework by nearly 19%
  • Affordable 3D MBE deployment solutions based on powerful, open and readily available industry standards like 3D PDF and 3D HTML

In the case of Anark Core MBEWeb, customers can publish and deliver 3D manufacturing documents through free industry standard HTML5 Browsers and the free Adobe Reader.

MBEWeb’s 3D HTML publishing capability using Geometric’s high-performance visualization technology, combined with Anark Core’s easy-to-use authoring user interface, subject matter experts in engineering, manufacturing, quality inspection, and purchasing can now easily create lightweight 3D HTML MBE documents for their in house (‘inside-the-firewall’) non-engineering users.

And since the same easy-to-use authoring environment can also be used to author and publish 3D PDF MBE documents in parallel with the 3D HTML MBE documents, these same subject matter experts have the additional flexibility to distribute lightweight 3D PDF manufacturing documents to their ‘outside-the-firewall’ tier 2, 3 and 4 external suppliers and/or customers-without any additional training or expertise. These 3D PDF MBE documents are also free to view by downstream users through the ubiquitous free Adobe Reader.

About Glovius
Glovius is an extensible and customizable 3D viewer for Windows, and supports all leading 3D CAD formats. Glovius also has high performance viewer apps for iOS and Android smartphones and tablets. The mobile apps are powered by cloud services, allowing you to visualize files directly in the browser.

About Anark
Anark Corporation ( provides powerful enterprise software and solutions to manufacturing organizations that need to cost-effectively utilize their 3D CAD data and manufacturing information for design collaboration, manufacturing work instructions, visualization, and technical documentation applications.

Anark has an unrivaled track record for delivering successful PLM and 3D visualization solutions for the industry’s most demanding and innovative customers. Anark helps market leaders such as Boeing, Cessna, Pratt & Whitney, Lockheed Martin, Rockwell Collins, Sikorsky, Ericsson, B & W, and the US Department of Defense unlock the potential of their 3D design assets and manufacturing information to save money, accelerate product development, and to collaborate and communicate more effectively and securely. For more information about Anark please visit

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Suppliers cited in MIL-STD-31000A, Appendix C 

The most inclusive information available of use to the designer-in-the-trenches is found in Appendix C of this Standard.  The following suppliers are cited in Appendix C for their capabilities in furnishing geometry checking and healing software:


1.         Elysium, Inc.

Elysium Inc.’s CADdoctor is the ultimate desktop application software for 3D data translation, PDQ (Product Data Quality) validation, repair, and transformation. CADdoctor supports highly precise and reliable data translation among multi-CAD as well as strict PDQ validation. It also provides automated or guided geometry repair functions.

CADdoctor has several different functions offering process specific functions to address ‘Geometry Simplification’, ‘Geometry Verification’, ‘Polygon Handling’, ‘Reverse Engineering’ and ‘Quality Check for Injection Mold Manufacturing’.

Additional information regarding Elysium Inc. products can be found at the following address.  To view simply copy and paste this address into your browser and hit enter:


2.         CADIQ Software from International TechneGroup, Inc.

 International TechneGroup’s DrawtoPMI is an automatic tool for converting a 3D CAD model and its’ associative 2D Drawing to a single 3D part file containing Product Manufacturing Information (PMI) including views, cross sections, functional tolerances and annotations.

Draw to PMI is an essential tool for any company implementing a 3D Model Based Design (MBD) environment that will enable fast and efficient legacy data migration for MBD use, and eliminate expensive, error prone manual migration processes. Additional information regarding International TechneGroup’s software solutions can be found at the following address.  To view simply copy and paste this address into your browser and hit enter:


 3.         PTC (Parametric Modeling Corporation)

PTC Creo combines the best of parametric and direct design approaches in one CAD tool. The PTC Creo solution overcomes the challenges of working around existing or no design intent, without losing important data.  Manufacturers everywhere struggle with many of the same design challenges that lead to inefficiencies:

  • Design changes come late in development.
  • Supply chain partners send over incompatible design data.
  • Concept designs can’t leverage existing models, even when the new ideas draw heavily on the old.

Many teams deal with these challenges by simply starting over with the model. This requires engineers to spend many hours recreating existing data from scratch. A flexible modeling approach can change that. It combines the best of parametric and direct design in one CAD tool. It preserves the design intelligence of existing models and applies intelligence to dumb models. Additional information regarding PTC’s healing software as described in Appendix C can be found at the following address.  To view simply copy and paste this address into your browser and hit enter:

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Quick Links


Anark Corporation:

Anark Corporation (Paul Perreault, 3D CAD):

ARL (Army Research Laboratory):

ARDEC (Armament Research Development and Engineering Center: Public/organizations/ardec/index.asp

Army ManTech:


BAE Systems:

Dassault Systems (3D Perspectives RSS feed):

Dassault Systems Oracle America’s Cup Experience using 3D:



EOS Software:

Glovius (Geometric):

Manufacturing Extension Partnership:

NIST (National Institute of Standards):

OSD (Office of the Secretary of Defense):

PTC (Parametric Technology Corp.):

Siemens PLM /Software:

Solidworks in Academia:

Spatial Corporation: info


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